Newgate Prison stands on the site of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court. The name 'old bailey' originates from the London's fortified wall - as in 'motte and bailey'. And the porter who took us round showed us not just 18th century brickwork but a section of original Roman stone.
The present building dates from 1907. The figure of justice on the roof, with scales in one hand and a sword in the other, is popularly imagined to be blindfolded - but she's not. Apparently, her 'maidenly form' is supposed to make her impartial without need of a blindfold...
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Timelines: "Smallpox through Time" was entirely funded with through a Wellcome Trust Public Engagement Award. We are very grateful for the Trust's support in the making of this resource.